What's the difference between dark circles, puffy eyes and under eye bags?

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What's the difference between dark circles, puffy eyes and under eye bags?

Have you've ever wondered what makes eyes puffy, what causes dark circles, and what so-called bags even are? We have the answer to all of these questions. Read below to clear up once and for all what’s the difference between these occurrences.  

Dark Circles

Dark circles are caused by the genetics. The skin on the under-eye area is so thin and translucent that you can easily see the underlying veins and therefore looks purple or bluish. This appears most often in people with fair skin. Additionally, lack of sleep increases venous congestion making the dark circles look even darker. On the other side, people with darker skin tones produce extra pigment around the eye area, which can cause a general darkening of the skin under the eyes.

Topical retinoids can help lighten the dark circles. Using the retinoid can help thicken the skin and increase the cell turnover, which will make the underlying darkness less visible. Creams and serums with hyaluronic acid, ceramides, and peptides can hydrate and stimulate collagen and elastin production by plumping up the skin and pushing it away from the pooled blood. Antioxidants including vitamins A, C, and E can help lighten the dark under-eye circles. 

Puffy Eyes

Puffy eyes appear as a result of temporary swelling caused by seasonal allergies, excessive use of salt and alcohol, sleep deprivation and so on… So, it is recommended prioritizing good sleep to minimize the appearance of puffy eyes, as well as drinking enough water to keep fluid moving through the veins.

Products with caffeine can reduce the puffiness, and cooling products can help reduce inflammation and promote blood flow. Eye creams and serums with anti-oxidants and hyaluronic acid can reduce the puffiness and plump skin away from pooled blood, while also cooling the inflammation.

 

Under Eye Bags

Bags are markedly different from the two above. These under-eye pouches are caused by a combination of fat herniation and skin laxity. They are genetic and a normal sign of aging and can appear as early as the late-20s or 30s.

Fillers may help, as they can elevate the surrounding skin and make the texture smooth and even. Radiofrequency treatment is another alternative to tighten and smooth the area. The procedure heats the skin to induce collagen and elastin formation.


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